Yes, you can still take tests and compete in figures!
When testing or competing figures, you can expect to skate your figure(s) on a sheet of clean ice while one or more people watch you. When you’ve finished, the judges walk on the ice examining your tracings carefully. The details of this process depend on the organization running the event, but they are all based on this general idea.
There are several skating organizations that offer figure tests and competitions in the US and internationally. A list of upcoming figure competitions is on the events page.